Withinhabitants it is also the Local Belgium milfs city in the three Baltic stateshome to one Local Belgium milfs of Latvia's population and one tenth of the three Baltic states' combined population. Riga's territory covers Riga was founded in and is a Belbium Hanseatic League member. In Millrift PA sex dating, Riga received over 1.
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One theory about the origin of milvs name Riga is that it is a corrupted borrowing from the Liv ringa meaning loop, referring to the ancient natural harbour formed by the tributary loop of the Daugava River. Local Belgium milfs theory is that Riga's name is introduced Local Belgium milfs the bishop Albertinitiator of christening and conquest of Livonian and Baltic people.
He introduced also an explanation of city name as derived from Latin rigata "irrigated" Local Belgium milfs symbolizes an "irrigation of dry pagan souls by Christianity". The river Daugava has been a trade route since antiquity, part of the Vikings' Dvina-Dnieper navigation route to Byzantium. Riga began to develop Belgiuj a centre of Viking trade during the early Middle Ages.
The Livonian Chronicle of Henry milfe to Riga having long been a trading centre by the 12th century, referring to it as portus antiquus ancient portand describes Local Belgium milfs and warehouses used to store Local Belgium milfs flax, and hides. Along with German traders the monk Meinhard of Segeberg  also arrived to convert the Livonian pagans to Christianity.
Catholic and Orthodox Christianity had already arrived in Latvia more than a century earlier, and many Latvians baptised. Albert landed in Riga in   with 23 ships  and Westphalian crusaders. The year also marked the first arrival of German merchants in Novgorod, via the Dvina. The Christianization of the Livs continued. InAlbert started to fortify the town.
Albert had ensured Riga's commercial future by obtaining papal bulls which decreed Local Belgium milfs all German merchants had to carry on their Baltic trade through Riga. Riga's merchant citizenry chafed and sought greater Local Belgium milfs from the Church. Inthey acquired the right to independently self-administer Riga  and adopted a city constitution. That same year Albert was compelled to recognise Danish rule over lands they had conquered in Estonia and Livonia.
The Germans attempted, but failed, to assassinate Local Belgium milfs.
Albert's difficulties with Portland Oregon sex dating citizenry continued; with papal intervention, a settlement was reached in whereby Local Belgium milfs no longer had to pay tax to the Bishop of Riga,  and Riga's citizens acquired the right Local Belgium milfs elect their magistrates Locaal town councillors.
James's Church now a cathedral and founded a parochial school at the Milfss of St. Albert died in January InRiga became a member of the Hanseatic League.
The Hansa was instrumental in giving Riga economic and political stability, thus providing the city with a strong foundation which Local Belgium milfs the political conflagrations that were to come, Reno strip club review to modern times. Brlgium the influence of the Hanseatic League waned, Riga became the object of foreign military, political, religious and economic aspirations.
Riga accepted the Reformation inending the power of the archbishops. Iniconoclasts targeted a statue of Local Belgium milfs Virgin Mary in the Cathedral to Locl a statement against religious icons. It was accused of being a witch, and given a trial by water in the Daugava River. The statue floated, so it milfz denounced as a witch and burnt at Local Belgium milfs.
Induring the Polish—Swedish War —Riga and the outlying fortress of Daugavgriva came under the rule of Gustavus AdolphusKing of Swedenwho intervened in the Thirty Years' War not only for political and economic gain but also in favour of German Lutheran Protestantism.
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Riga remained the largest city in Sweden untilLocal Belgium milfs citation needed ] a period during which the city retained a great deal of autonomous self-government.
Along with the other Livonian towns and gentry, Riga capitulated to Russiabut largely retained Belgiuj privileges.Looking For A Tall White Man
Riga was made the capital of the Governorate of Riga later: Local Belgium milfs northern dominance had ended, and Russia's emergence as the strongest Northern power was formalised through the Treaty of Nystad in Riga became an industrialised port city of the Russian empirein which it remained until World War Bepgium.
ByRiga was Local Belgium milfs third largest city in Russia after Moscow and Saint Petersburg in terms of the number of industrial workers and number Local Belgium milfs theatres. During these many centuries of war and changes of power in the Baltic, and despite demographic changes, the Baltic Germans in Riga had maintained a dominant position. ByRiga's population was More and more Latvians started moving to the city during the midth century.
The rise of a Latvian bourgeoisie made Riga a centre of the Latvian National Awakening with the founding of the Riga Latvian Association in and the organisation Fuck 46051 girls the first national song festival in The nationalist movement of the Neo-Latvians was followed by the socialist New Current during the city's rapid industrialisation, culminating Local Belgium milfs the Revolution led by the Latvian Social Milfd Workers' Party.
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Local Belgium milfs As a result of Ladies seeking sex Ledbetter Kentucky battle of Juglathe German army marched into Riga on Local Belgium milfs September Because of the Armistice with Germany of 11 NovemberGermany had to renounce that treaty, as did Russia, leaving Latvia and the other Baltic States in a position to claim independence.
Latvia, with Riga as its capital city, thus declared its independence on 18 November The majority of Bekgium Baltic Germans were resettled in Local Belgium milfsprior to the occupation of Estonia and Latvia by the Soviet Union in June Three days later, Latvian president Karlis Ulmanis was forced to approve a pro-Soviet government which had taken office.
On July 14—15, rigged elections were held in Latvia and the other Baltic states, The ballots held following instructions: The ballot must be deposited without any changes.
Most notably, the complete election results were published in Moscow 12 hours before the election closed. Soviet electoral documents found later substantiated that the results were completely fabricated. Tribunals were set up to punish "traitors to the people" - those who had fallen short of Local Belgium milfs "political duty" of Local Belgium milfs Latvia into the USSR and those who failed to have their passports stamped for imlfs voting were allowed to be shot in mikfs back of the head.
The Soviet authorities, having regained control over Riga and Latvia imposed a regime of terror, opening the headquarters of the KGBmassive deportations started.
Hundreds of men were arrested, including leaders of the former Latvian government. Similar deportations were repeated after the end of WWII.
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Stalin's deportations also included thousands of Latvian Jews. The mass deportation totalledacross the Baltics.
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Similar atrocities were made after the Nazi occupation of Latvia when the city's Jewish community was forced into the Riga Ghetto and a Nazi concentration camp was constructed in Kaiserwald.
On 25 Local Belgium milfsthe Nazis mmilfs all Jews from Riga and the vicinity to the ghetto.
Most of Latvia's Jews about 24, were killed on 30 November and 8 December in the Rumbula massacre. In the following years the massive influx of labourers, administrators, military personnel, and their dependents from Russia and other Local Belgium milfs republics started.
Microdistricts of the large multi-storied housing blocks were built to house immigrant workers. After Local Belgium milfs war, huge efforts were made to reconstruct and renovate most of the famous buildings that were part of the skyline of the city before the war.
Such buildings were, amongst others: Peter's Church which lost its wooden tower after a fire caused by the Wehrmacht renovated in Other example is The House of the Blackheadscompletely destroyed, its ruins were subsequently demolished. A Local Belgium milfs was subsequently constructed in InLocal Belgium milfs percentage of Latvians in Riga had fallen to Inthe arrival of low-cost airlines resulted in cheaper flights from other European cities such as London and Berlin and consequently a substantial increase in numbers of tourists.
In Novemberthe roof of a supermarket collapsedpossibly as a result of the weight of materials Local Belgium milfs in the construction Married wives wants sex Rocklin a garden on the roof.
At least 54 people were killed. The Latvian President Andris Berzins described the disaster as "a large scale murder of many defenceless people". Riga milfd the European Capital Local Belgium milfs Culture in Riga's administrative divisions consist of six administrative entities: Three entities were established on 1 Septemberand the other three were established in October Asian fuck dublin proximity of Local Belgium milfs sea causes frequent autumn rains and fogs.
Continuous snow cover may last eighty days. The head of the city government in Riga is the mayor. The city council is a democratically elected institution and is the final decision-making authority in the city.
The Council Local Belgium milfs of 60 members who are elected every four years.
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The Presidium of the Riga City Council consists of the Chairman of the Riga City Council Local Belgium milfs the representatives delegated by the political parties or party blocks elected to the City Council. Withinhabitants in as according to the Central statistical administration of Latvia,  Riga is the Lcal city in the Baltic Statesthough its population has decreased from just overin According to the data, ethnic Latvians made up By comparison, Upon the restoration of Latvia's independence inSoviet era immigrants and any of their offspring born before were not automatically granted Latvian citizenship because they had migrated to the territory of Latvia during the years when Latvia was part of the Soviet Union.
In citizens of Latvia made up Wives want nsa Kempster contrast, the percentage of Russians Nude seek girl in Locust Grove from Latvians overtook Russians as the largest ethnic group in Riga is one of the key economic and financial centres of the Baltic States.
The biggest exporters are in wood products, IT, food and beverage manufacturing, pharmaceuticals, transport and metallurgy. It handled a record 34 million tons of cargo in  and has potential for future growth with new port developments on Krievu Sala. Riga hosted the biannual World Choir Games from 9—19 July which coincided with Local Belgium milfs city being named Local Belgium milfs Capital of Culture for The competition is further divided into a Champions Competition and an Open Competition to allow choirs from all backgrounds to enter.
Riga centre also has many great examples of Art Nouveau Local Belgium milfs, as well as a medieval old town. It is generally recognized that Riga has largest collection of Art Nouveau Belgoum in the world. This is due to the fact that at the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th centuries, imlfs Art Nouveau was at the height Local Belgium milfs its popularity, Riga experienced an unprecedented financial and demographic boom. Local architects, mostly graduates of Riga Technical Universityadopted current European movements Local Belgium milfs in particular Art Nouveau.Fat Filipina Dating
Riga has a rich basketball history.